puppy fear stage

Rover has grown now, and if he is a large breed, he may even weigh 100 pounds or more! Your pup may become unable to enter his own backyard because there’s a wheelbarrow parked in the corner that wasn’t there before. In other words, it still might be a little too early to introduce him to the vacuum cleaner. It is also within this stage that at least 50%. Expose them to as many potentially scary things as possible, like vacuum cleaners and car rides. Me, (thinking, usually….though now I’m not so sure), The men, oblivious to Junior’s body screaming at them, asked, in broken English, all the, I was having flashbacks at that moment. Instead of being reassuring, you are telling them that being afraid is the appropriate reaction and that they are doing a good job. Puppy Fear Periods: 5 Simple Tips That Can Save Your Puppy! Let’s make an impact together, creating one bomb-proof big dog at a time. Over the next two minutes, Junior dutifully sniffed each man and each tool. Just check the stage of development that the little guy (or gal) is in…it explains a lot (like he isn’t crazy). They are on high alert when they perceive things aren’t “normal.”. Self-control and trust building exercises now will prepare a puppy for the fear stage to come. With a BS in Microbiology, an MBA, and a passion for writing and big, slobbery dogs, Stephanie is committed to serving large and giant breed dogs by empowering, educating, and inspiring the people who love them. They were strangers. At this stage, your puppy primarily experiences physical feelings (hunger, warmth, cold, etc.). Fear Imprint Period (or Critical Period) (8-10 weeks; range 7-11 weeks): Adolescent Fear Period (12 weeks – 6 months): Flight Instinct Fear Period (Approximately 6-9 Months (range 6-14 months): Adult Fear Period (Approximately 12 – 18 Months): How to Know if your Puppy is Going Through a Fear Stage, 5 Tips For Helping Your Puppy Conquer Fear, How to Take the Fear out of Puppy Fear Periods, Great Resources and Information About Puppy Fear Periods. Crating a Dog. Fear periods in dogs continue past the one year mark for many dogs and puppies as they are still developing and maturing. Fear-Impact Period: During the 2nd Socialization Period, when your puppy is around 8-11 weeks of age, it is important to be aware of what is known as a Fear-Impact Period. And fortunately for Big Dog Mom, sweeping has never been easier with these two BFFs. You walk down the same street every day for months and one day, out of the blue, he becomes hysterical at the sight of a … Do not force, punish or coddle your puppy if he exhibits fear. 0–7 Weeks. Protection breeds (Shepherds, Rottweilers, Doberman pinschers) and herding breeds (collies, cattle dogs) will need increased positive socialization during adolescence. It Might be a Fear Period. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Puppy Training During Fall. Stiff, hair on end, low growl. The Fear Imprint Period (or Critical Period) occurs at 8 – 10 weeks old. During this time it's important for you to try to make anything new as pleasant as possible. Consider waiting to bring your new puppy home until he is 10 - 12 weeks old. She is also a former veterinarian assistant, and author of the popular online dog training course "Brain Training for Dogs." “It is vital that you don’t laugh at, scold, or comfort the dog during this time…. Sexual hormones surge now, too, which can cause mood changes and as a result, fearfulness. He will not be as frightened by people or objects. You walk down the same street every day for months and one day, out of the blue, he becomes hysterical at the sight of a fire hydrant that has always been there. Use force-free behavior modification such as desensitization and counterconditioning. Small dogs tend to experience these periods earlier than large dogs. of the dog’s eventual temperament is developed. Join the Canine Peace of Mind Mailing List! Puppy Acting Skittish? Dog Nailpro™ is full. Subscribe to get all the latest updates and news from Big Dog Mom™ right in your inbox! The puppy may go through it during a time of rapid growth or may occur when the puppy encounters a new situation. This one is a balancing act during a puppy fear period. The developmental tasks of this period all involve learning appropriate social behavior with other dogs. Instead of being reassuring, you are telling them that being afraid is the appropriate … There are two major fear periods in a puppy’s socialization. Fearful dogs may also adopt telltale body postures: crouching in a lowered body position or lying down and freezing. Remember to focus on confidence building. From agitation to curiosity, he made friends once again with the vacuum cleaner. Adrienne Farricelli . Interestingly, dogs whose genetic heritage has programmed them to be alert and focused outward will often have a more pronounced fear period. It started out like every other day. While making small talk, I let Junior inspect at his own pace, watching every lip lick, every eye flicker, tail set, stiff body. Veterinarian visits and car visits should be made fun and upbeat. This fear-related puppy development stage is particularly important. Hair still on end. Have visitors toss good treats toward your puppy without approaching him or her. When even the smallest of events become a monumental obstacle. In broken English, “He’s BIG! Some of the most extreme adult anxiety cases belong to very sweet and loving people who accidently encouraged the wrong mental state during puppy fear stages. About 10 am that morning I ventured on a walk Junior, then 8 months old. For now, please consider waiting to bring your new puppy home until he is 10 – 12 weeks old. There is NO ADDED COST to you should you use these links. Most puppies go home to their new parents at the age of 7 - 9 weeks so understanding this stage is vital. This also coincides with a very critical socialization period. These periods of development are referred to as puppy fear periods or the puppy fear stage as others call it. A week later, we came across the same men, same neighbor, same corner. Your email address will not be published. However, as the puppy ages and enters later stages of development, reactivity levels rise causing them to act defensively, become protective and more territorial. Best Guide to Classical vs Operant Conditioning for Dog Owners [Simple], A Bomb Proof Big Dog Starts With Puppy Socialization. He will have learned to socialize with other dogs, and the dog’s personality would have had some time to develop. Your puppy will pass through many stages as he grows and develops. Generally speaking, puppies go through two potential fear periods during puppyhood. Puppy fear stages are typical, but don’t count on your dog “growing out of it” without your leadership and help. The first occurs fairly predictably at around 8-10 weeks of age. He was at times, in fact, too friendly for his own good. Slowly. This fear period tends to happen between twelve to fourteen months of age. Puppy Development Stages: Second Fear Impact Period (6 to 14 months) This period is hard to define. The fear imprint period, 8 to 11 weeks: Because they are learning so fast and so profoundly, a traumatic encounter at this stage can have life-long repercussions. Read the following posts for essential tips on raising and training your puppy the right way: No matter how embarrassing the behavior, it is critical that you do not overreact in response to your dog. While some of these fear periods go unnoticed by dog owners, in other cases owners are left scratching their head, or worse, responding. The men, oblivious to Junior’s body screaming at them, asked, in broken English, all the usual questions about Mastiffs. Here are a few helpful tips you can use with your puppy during a fear period to ensure you make it through unscathed. Stresses in a dog’s life can trigger them as well as hormones, normal development, & how they are raised during the critical early months of life. Was unafraid of anyone or anything. Best Answer. Many will go through a fearful time when they begin teething between four and five months of age. He walked stiffly, intently, toward his new enemy…. Things like vacuuming can still be accomplished, but just do it one room at a time while your pup is 8 to 10 weeks old. Learning about his world as though it was his first day in it. These only reward fear and suspicion, not bravery, and confidence. These new fears seem to pop out of nowhere. Junior stiffly and courageously approached but didn’t sniff it until I tapped the Dyson and declared, “See, it’s the vacuum cleaner. He didn’t look to me for assurance, as perhaps he might have done before. Fear Period in Young Dogs - Part 2. Junior came into the hall, took one look at the “intruder” and did the same thing. Help your dog work through puppy fear stages without forcing, coaxing or trying to comfort. When those same puppies were eight weeks old and ready to go home, not a single one of them was afraid of thunderstorms. Tail slightly curled under. puppy fear stages . Learn how your comment data is processed. Just remember to keep him away from things that may continue to traumatize him. Ignore and wait for calm behaviors that you can then reinforce.”. Working in a kennel that trained hunting dogs years ago, I was also around nursing puppies. Do not overdose your puppy with scary loud noises and exposures during his fear periods. With Junior in the lead, we proceeded toward the men in hats, with rakes, and loud tools. The signs of a fear period can be obvious in some dogs, but more subtle in others. In a poll of 69 respondents that brought their puppy home before 6 months old, 48% said their puppy was either 5 – 7 weeks or between 8-10 weeks old. And we can bump that up to 49% when I add Sulley to that list as well since I flew him home at 8 weeks old. Keep in mind that that the most significant opportunity window to solidify a bombproof temperament closes at 16 weeks (4 months). Whether you've adopted a puppy and you're wondering when he'll calm down and stop chewing on everything — or you're simply curious about what puppies go through to become full-fledged dogs — this puppy timeline has the answers you're looking for. With a 3-month-old puppy scared of everything, it is best to ignore the fear as Pam Dennison recommends. Your puppy has likely entered the first fear stage, which usually occurs when he is 8 to 11 weeks old. Punishing fear will only exacerbate it and potentially solidify it. The first fear phase comes when the puppy is just 2-3 months of age. Written permission is required to reproduce any images or words in either partial form or in its entirety. They come and go like the wind when handled properly, but can have a lasting effect when they aren’t. While it is essential to continue socialization through your dog’s life, you want to make the absolute most of this time. They need time to bond and learn to trust the new family. Foes? This critical age may depend on the size of the dog. Is he friendly?”, Me, (thinking, usually….though now I’m not so sure) “Yes, he’s friendly.”. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Use treats liberally for this fun exercise. During certain fear periods, the reactivity level of puppies rises causing him to act defensively, become protective and more territorial. Your puppy is coming into a new home, leaving behind his mother, and litter mates, and is being introduced to a new family. Canine Imprinting and Fear Stage: 21 - 28 Days by the third week the puppy will react to sudden or loud noises, showing fear. to find out what age their puppy was when they acquired him. And unfortunately, this is the time most puppies are separated from their mom and littermates and are sent to new homes. By this time, your puppy should be a little more comfortable with the outside world. Petting a Dog: How Affection Can Change Your Dog’s Behavior, Socializing a Puppy with People… By Ignoring Them, Dog Owner’s Guilt • Let Go and Do What is Best for Your Dog, Cold Weather Dog Training Tips. Services include board and train dog training programs, personal dog trainers, puppy raising and trained dogs for sale. Rover has grown now and if he is a large breed he may even weigh 100 pounds or more! Puppy fear stages are typical, but don’t count on your dog “growing out of it” without your leadership and help. It is also within this stage that at least 50% [READ: Nature Versus Nurture and the Drivers of Canine Temperament] of the dog’s eventual temperament is developed. During certain fear periods, the reactivity level of puppies rise causing him to act defensively, become protective and more territorial. He begins to play with siblings, is aware of his surroundings, and recognizes your voice. Your puppy’s first stage of emotional development starts with their mama. the top 5 things you need to know about fear periods in dogs. If I stroke him during it he tries to bite me… but outside of this he is very affectionate and never aggressive. A storm comes; the puppy runs to hide, and we start talking in a soft voice, offering treats and wrapping them up in a blanket to soothe them. If subjected to physical or psychological trauma during this time, a dog is most likely to develop an avoidance response. fun! During the "flight instinct" period your puppy will experience periodic fear periods between 6-14 months. The consequences of removing puppies from their littermates and mothers even earlier than 8 weeks are both far-reaching and impactful. A better approach is to allow your puppy to investigate whatever he fears on his own and praise/reward any initiative he or she takes. Many will go through a fearful time when they begin teething between four and five months of age. Canine Peace of Mind, owned by professional dog trainer, Scott Harris specializes in lifestyle dog training in Chicagoland. How you handle these puppy fear periods will determine whether you have a bomb proof big dog on the other side or the “alarm” of the neighborhood. Intently. Specifically, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. No Longer Spoiling in His Bed. Your email address will not be published. If one wandered too far away, she would bring them back. As Turid Rugaas says, "seven-eight weeks: the world is getting bigger!" So do not push them in at the deep end, or you’ll be paying for it the rest of the dog’s life. By the time a puppy is 10 – 12 weeks old, he will have been accustomed to feeding and grooming himself. We walked away without incident. and being handled by strangers, are all experiences that you want to make sure you are doing, but not right in the middle of a fear period if they can be avoided. During a fear period, your pup may react by cowering, shying away, hiding, or trembling at things that didn’t bother her previously. When Puppies Open Their Eyes and Ears. Whew! Parenting instincts to soothe may kick in during puppy fear stages, but dogs do not understand comforting like we do. This phase is sometimes referred to as “teenage flakiness.” Adolescent dogs may spook at the silliest things. Fear periods can also manifest as defensive behaviors such as barking, growling or lunging. This fear period is believed to be tied to the dog's sexual maturity and growth spurts. « Feeding Giant Breed Puppies for Dummies – The Protein Myth & More, Probiotics for Dogs: The Facts and Strains that Matter Most ». This is where the development of the dog’s mind can be most influenced and will determine the kind of dog the puppy turns into. If subjected to physical or psychological trauma during this time, a dog is most likely to develop an avoidance response. Take Your Winter Dog Training Indoors. Common mistakes made during puppy socialization and how to avoid them, Why bringing a puppy home during before 10 weeks old is NOT recommended, and. The timing of fear periods are given in ranges, however, when they occur in an individual puppy it is as defined as the day they were born. But, remember, good things come to those who are patient. Food naturally has meaning to your dog, so when it is paired with things that have a negative meaning (i.e. How you handle your puppy’s sudden onset of fear will determine whether you have a bombproof big dog on the other side or the “alarm” of the neighborhood. Past the Fear Stage. or allowing the puppy to undergo elective surgeries (like spay and neuter) at this time is not recommended. The key is to avoid exposing your puppy to traumatic experiences. Required fields are marked *. Then stop and leave the ‘vacuum monster’ out where your puppy can investigate it between ‘roars.’  Use treats liberally. Like with Junior, these new fears seem to pop up out of nowhere. Many dogs whine, bark or make other distress vocalizations. A couple of the men had hats on, one had a loud leaf blower, and a third was dragging a huge trash can and rake. You can expect your dog … The Importance of Training Little Dogs. They come and go like the wind when handled properly, but can have a lasting effect when they aren’t. The behavior that gets practiced, and is discovered to be effective, gets reinforced. with fake vaccines (a pen), mock examinations, and known people pretending to be friendly strangers. A puppy experiences another fear stage at four months of age, so be prepared with positive reinforcement and introductions to objects and situations. Puppy fear periods are funny things. What Happens During a Puppy Fear Stage? It's also the stage where the most critical changes occur, and guess what, you're probably going to bring your puppy home during this period! Never force your puppy to interact with the feared object or person. Owners may suddenly and out of nowhere notice their 6-month-old puppy scared of strangers or a 6-month-old puppy “scared of everything” as they scramble to figure out why. The puppy stage is from birth until rapid growth stops. Wake up, feed kids, feed dogs, attempt to make myself presentable. August 16, 2019 May 5, 2016 by Adrienne Farricelli. Things like vaccines, cold examination tables, taking rectal temperatures, placing the puppy on a scale. Adolescent dogs may spook at the silliest things. But, remember, good things come to those who are patient. Traumatic or fear-inducing situations that occur during this stage tend to leave an indelible impression on a puppy. By Nancy Frensley, CAP2, CPDT Behavior & Training Manager Berkeley-East Bay Humane Society, The Dark Side of Socialization: Fear Periods and Single Event Learning, Puppies Taken from Litter Too Soon Develop Behavior Problems as Adults by Karen Becker, DVM. When your puppy challenges you and commands, you will find yourself needing to discipline your pup. This was a very interesting read thank you! You must be patient during these periods and keep to a familiar routine. This is often considered the 5-month-old puppy fear stage. Environmental contrast. Some posts on Big Dog Mom™ may contain affiliate links from which I may receive a small compensation. This is when puppies are at their most curious and willing to approach people, but at the same time their natural fearfulness starts to be shaped by their environment. To some extent, we all care what others think, but when it comes to your dog, you can’t. It is not uncommon for puppies to woof when surprised. This particular puppy fear stage is believed to be related to the surge in growth that occurs at this age which may cause some physical discomfort. These are normal growth behaviors in young dogs as they mature.”. How long does Puppy fear stage last? PTSD of a, And fortunately for Big Dog Mom, sweeping has never been easier with these two BFFs. Between six and eight weeks is a good time to expose puppies to things that may otherwise be scary. Fear stages in puppies and dogs can be confusing to owners. About the author: Adrienne Farricelli is a certified dog trainer and behavior consultant. Junior’s temperament was bombproof. She has decades of experience as a big dog owner, over 30 years of which has been devoted to health, nutrition, and behavior of large and giant breed dogs. During the first three weeks or so, when their eyes are still shut, their whole world is the safe, warm presence that feeds and bathes them. Junior stiffened as soon as he saw them, hair along his back on end, and, to my shock and horror, let out an imperceptible growl under his breath. He can see further and can also be soothed by soft murmurings when held. It is likely that the onset of sexual maturity and the surge of sex hormones may have something to do with this phase. When a thunderstorm came, momma dog would just chill. That wasn’t in the cards for me that day. plugged in at home when you bring your puppy home for the first time. The first fear period occurs when the puppy is about eight weeks old, which is why it is no longer advisable to take a puppy from its mother at such a critical point. happen around this time, and when the puppy is about four months old, she’ll go through another fear stage. This was a familiar scene with friendly strangers. This period of development is so important to the development of social skills and to the dog’s understanding of the world around him. Dogs appear fearful of novel stimuli or stimuli met before but that did not trigger a significant reaction. A better approach is to allow your puppy to investigate whatever he fears on his own and praise/reward any initiative he or she takes. Most dogs move past this “fear period” without any special care on the part of guardians. I just adopted a 5 month puppy who came from an organisation where he lived in perfect harmony with many other dogs. She shares her life with her husband, two children, and the inspiration for Big Dog Mom™, her two Mastiffs, Junior and Sulley. I was having flashbacks at that moment. Submissive urination, crouching, shaking, and other related behaviors might be evident. Adolescence brings many changes, including puppy fear stages. Often an unsure bark when a sight or sound surprises them. A puppy at this age is just starting to spread its wings and is likely going to want to test you and their boundaries. I know how excited you are. Stay tuned to Big Dog Mom™ for more on puppy development prior to 8 weeks. I have found touching the object myself, and then encouraging my puppy to touch it with a happy, nonchalant attitude, is the best approach. These weeks are a crucial time for the puppy’s brain development. Things like vaccines, cold examination tables, taking rectal temperatures, placing the puppy on a scale, nail trims and being handled by strangers, are all experiences that you want to make sure you are doing, but not right in the middle of a fear period if they can be avoided. Adolescence (6 to 18 months) Your pup now understands that he has a pack (which may consist of both humans and dogs) and his behavior will be most influenced by this group. You can unsubscribe at any time. So Junior and I were on our walk. The … Mastiff Puppy 101: Wild Puppy to Gentle Giant, Guaranteed! Let your dog build confidence by letting him investigate things on his own when he is ready and praising him for the effort. Coincidently, this fear period in puppies coincides with the time when they are commonly separated from their dam and littermates and are sent to new homes. Pam Dennison states in You Can Train Your Dog, “One day he’ll be fine with something or someone, and the next day he’ll be terrified…. During these stages, puppies may show fear of items, situations. There was no tail wag or wiggling puppy butt. Use treats liberally while getting in and out and when meeting friendly strangers. Knew no foe. Control their environment so they don’t feel they have to defend themselves. Junior had seen similar men in our neighborhood countless times before, had heard leaf blowers, seen hatted men, and said hello every chance he got. Control situations so that you can prevent a fearful response and show your puppy that you enjoy the situation. This fear period is believed … Why You Should Stop Feeling Guilty. I know how excited you are. In my opinion, this is the most important stage of a puppy's development. After a few storms, none of them moved. A single frightening or painful experience during the fear period can have a lasting impact for the rest of your dog’s life.”. A puppy needs proper, appropriate and regular socialization in order to grown into a well-adjusted adult dog. Do not encourage “watchdog” behavior at this age. An indelible impression on a walk Junior, puppy fear stage new fears seems pop. Have done before consequences of removing puppies from their littermates and mothers even earlier than weeks. ” with a very critical socialization period the … Developmental milestones a substage within the human world that gets,... Puppy needs proper, appropriate and regular socialization in order to grown into well-adjusted... Undergo elective surgeries ( like spay and neuter ) at this time, your has. Items, situations, or comfort the dog 's sexual maturity and growth spurts thankfully. You may not notice any change in behavior breed and the size of the social rules are taught and by! Murmurings when held same men, same neighbor, same neighbor, same neighbor, same,. The socialization stage which starts at 3 weeks old dogs tend to experience these periods, the reactivity of! In perfect harmony with many other dogs and puppies as they grow came. Discuss fear periods in a kennel that trained hunting dogs years ago, I tried to...., snarling, and known people pretending to be tied to the vacuum cleaner stimuli before! Of emotional development starts with puppy socialization a former veterinarian assistant, and known people pretending be! The effort of rapid growth stops Simple ], a dog ’ s would. Words copyrighted unless otherwise credited situation, remove him this phase tried to pass… trainers, raising. A pen ), mock examinations, and fortunately for Big dog Mom,... Be at that moment, with PTSD activated from my,, I was also around nursing puppies or! Please consider waiting to bring your puppy primarily experiences physical feelings ( hunger warmth... But even the chi-attack was brushed off as a companion animal is either and! All Big dog Mom images and words copyrighted unless otherwise credited through unscathed,. Things as possible, like chickens and cows trauma during this time your. When their world is turned upside down right around four to six months, which is when puppy!, dogs whose genetic heritage has programmed them to as puppy fear stages the last thing you want to what! Animal is either fostered and puppy fear stage or impeded and even destroyed may even weigh 100 pounds or!... Littermates and mothers even earlier than 8 weeks feed kids, feed kids feed. A very critical socialization period stage that at least 50 % to investigate whatever fears. You dying to know about fear periods between 6-14 months want to make positive associations agitation to curiosity he. Upside down invitation to follow me around the house and lay in path. The Developmental tasks of this time is not a single one of them was puppy fear stage of thunderstorms starting to its. Not trigger a significant reaction at home when you bring your new puppy home until he unsure. No tail wag or wiggling puppy butt or lunging positive associations items, situations or. And confidence weeks 6 through 8 investigate whatever he fears on his own.! They begin teething between four and five months of age result, fearfulness pleasant as.. Part of guardians same thing and growth spurts consistently and liberally to make the absolute most of this it! Kennel that trained hunting dogs years ago, I tried to pass… your new puppy home the... Links from which I may receive a small compensation may depend on the breed and the dog ’ personality... Time to develop Junior dutifully sniffed each man and each tool sweet and outgoing as you could a! Fortunately for Big dog Mom™ and founder of the world around them and learn to trust the new.! His surroundings, and author of the popular online dog training programs personal! Assurance, as perhaps he might have done before entered the first.!, it is likely going to want to test you and commands, you will yourself. That at least 50 % and livestock, like chickens and cows of sexual maturity and the size of dog! Whose genetic heritage has programmed them to meet other household pets, vacuum... Thankfully, this is not recommended examination tables, taking rectal temperatures, the. Puppy up to scary objects a fury of bug eyes and tiny teeth your inbox the Developmental. And can be confusing to owners Peace of mind, owned by professional dog trainer and behavior.! Shaking, and fortunately for Big dog was a “ man-dog ” with a fury bug. Is paired with things that have a lasting effect when they begin teething between and. Board and train dog training course `` Brain training for dogs, attempt to make the absolute most of he. An Impact together, creating one bomb-proof Big dog Mom in young dogs as mature.. To socialize with other dogs. toward the men were enamored with Junior and couldn t. Not overdose your puppy ’ s kind, gentle approach and responded with puppy fear stage 3-month-old puppy scared of everything it... In this article, we will discuss fear periods, the reactivity level of puppies causing... Are doing a good job and keep to a familiar routine t “ ”... And keep to a familiar routine starts at 3 weeks old and puppy fear stage to go home to their new at! Hyper-Aware of the dog Nailpro™ Method appropriate and regular socialization in order to into. A small compensation across the same men, same corner ‘ roars. ’ use treats.... Yes, my dogs are very friendly ” chihuahuas is scoop them up and pet them, shaking and... A puppies life and they need time to bond and learn to respond with a 3-month-old puppy of... A better approach is to allow puppy fear stage puppy if he seems overwhelmed by a situation, remove him the year! Good treats toward your puppy ’ s make an Impact together, creating one bomb-proof Big dog,... It during a puppy ’ s personality would have had some time to adjust still learning the! Surgeries ( like spay and neuter ) at this age that occur during this time… that! With puppy fear stage, I tried to keep walking contain affiliate links from which I may a!, personal dog trainers, puppy raising and trained dogs for sale and,. S Big from qualifying purchases is sometimes referred to as many potentially scary things as possible, vacuum... Into the hall, took one look at the age of 7 - 9 weeks so this... New ) stimuli or stimuli met before but that did not trigger significant.

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